Hubble's perspective of Jupiter, which was taken on June 27 when Jupiter was 400 million miles from Earth, shows the massive planet's famous Great Red Spot, along with a more intense group of colors swirling in the Gas Giant's turbulent atmosphere. They are created by ammonia ice clouds that vary in height and thickness, with air flowing in different directions, depending on their latitudes. This huge anticyclonic storm is roughly the diameter of Earth and is rolling counterclockwise between two bands of clouds that are moving in opposite directions toward it.
Below the Great Red Spot is a shape similar to a worm, but it's really a cyclone spinning in the opposite direction of the storm above it.
The Great Red Spot storm, which has lasted 150 years that we know of, is continuing to shrink - but astronomers don't know why.
An incredible new image of Jupiter captured by the Hubble Space Telescope could shed light on the gas giant's mysterious atmospheric dynamics.
Among the most striking features in the image are the rich colours of the clouds moving toward the Great Red Spot.
NASA's latest portraits of Jupiter were snapped on June 27, 2019, when Hubble had a good view of the Great Red Spot.
The Hubble Space Telescope is a project of worldwide cooperation between ESA and NASA.
The Great Red Spot, which is shaped like a wedding cake, has an upper haze layer that reaches more than three miles higher than clouds in other areas. "Researchers have observed cyclones with a wide variety of different appearances across the planet".
One notable feature of the image is the vibrant color of the clouds moving towards the Great Red Spot.
All of Jupiter's colorful cloud bands in the Hubble image are confined to the north and south by jet streams that remain constant, even when the bands change color.
"The white clouds to the left (southwest) of the storm are moving eastward to the south of the spot". Hubble dedicates time each year to observing the outer planets of the solar system as part of the Outer Planet Atmospheres Legacy or OPAL.