Using vitamin D supplements 'does not prevent fractures or falls'

Share
Using vitamin D supplements 'does not prevent fractures or falls'

"Our meta-analysis finds that vitamin D does not prevent fractures, falls or improve bone mineral density, whether at a high or low dose".

Dr. Minisha Sood, an endocrinologist at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City, said this new study should convince doctors that vitamin D supplements don't have a role in maintaining healthy bones, but they do have other benefits.

The Department of Health now recommends that all children under five should take a daily supplement, along with pregnant and breastfeeding women, and older people who are not often outdoors - for instance if they are frail, housebound or live in a care home.

"Hence the study lacked the ability to reliably test the effects of vitamin D on risk of hip fracture". When the researchers reduced the thresholds, they found that vitamin D was still ineffective for falls, at a threshold of 7.5%, and also total fractures at a threshold of 5%.

Vitamin D supplementation is now recommended for the elderly and all babies and children below the age of 5 years.

However, according to the scientists, Vitamin D supplementation remains the ideal solution for high-risk groups of patients exposed to rare conditions such as rickets and osteomalacia which are both triggered by Vitamin D deficiency. The majority of the trials studied vitamin D alone (ie, not prescribed in conjunction with calcium supplements) and were of one year or less.

The researchers are calling for changes in the clinical guidelines of osteoporosis management. Most included women aged over the age of 65 (77 per cent of trials) who lived in the community and who received daily doses of more than 800 IU per day (68 per cent of trials). This thinking is reminiscent of the fervour that supported the widespread use of vitamin A, vitamin C, and vitamin E years ago, and all of those vitamin trials later proved to be clinically negative.

Between late March/early April to the end of September, most people can get all the vitamin D they need through sunlight and a balanced diet.

The suggested extra-skeletal health benefits include cancer and heart disease, which previous research has shown to be inconclusive.

People with little or no sun exposure are more likely to develop vitamin D deficiency. Within 3 years, we might have that answer because there are approximately 100 000 participants now enrolled in randomised, placebo-controlled trials of vitamin D supplementation.

Vitamin D is found in a variety of foods.

Share

Advertisement

Related Posts

Collins: ‘I do not believe that Brett Kavanaugh was’ Ford’s assailant
As the Senate tried to recover from its charged atmosphere, Murkowski's move offered a moment of civility. In the Senate chamber, the vote was disrupted on several occasions by angry protests from the gallery.

Former President Lee gets 15 years in jail for corruption
After the elder Park was gunned down by his spy chief, ex-military generals Chun Doo-hwan and Roh Tae-woo ruled successively. Another former leader, Roh Moo-hyun, committed suicide after becoming embroiled in a corruption probe.

Gano makes 63-yard game-winning FG vs. Giants
Manning finished 22 of 36 for 326 yards with two touchdowns and two interceptions, both by Panthers 37-year-old safety Mike Adams. After he converted the kick he said his main goal was seeking safety from the rest of his teammates running after him.

Haiti quake kills at least 11, injures others
Damage was also reported at the police station in Port-de-Paix, and parts of a hospital and an auditorium collapsed in Gros-Morne. The quake's center was located about 12 miles west-northwest of Ti Port-de-Paix and struck with a depth of about 9.5 miles.

Nigeria's Buhari to face Atiku Abubakar in re-election bid
He described President Muhammadu Buhari as clueless, adding that the PDP can not afford to fail at the general election. The PDP presidential primaries is holding on Saturday, October 6, 2018 in Port-Harcourt, the Rivers state capital.

Kavanaugh Sworn in As Supreme Court Justice
In the short term he will provide the decisive fifth vote for a conservative majority on the nine-member court. The Senate backed Brett Kavanaugh's nomination by 50 votes to 48.

Merkel in Israel to promote tight ties, as differences loom
Later, she visited the Israel Museum in Jerusalem , where she was awarded an honorary doctorate by the University of Haifa. The visit is expected to focus on economic issues, with an emphasis on innovation, technology and development projects.

Interpol chief Meng Hongwei under investigation, China says
INTERPOL President Meng Hongwei poses during a visit to the headquarters of International Police Organisation in Lyon, France. Asked if she believed that he has been arrested, she said: 'In China, what happened, I'm not sure'.

Fulham 1 - 5 Arsenal: 5 star performance for Iwobi
Aaron Ramsey , Alexander Lacazette and Emerick Aubameyang scored for Arsenal while Ander Schurrle got the only goal for Fulham . Fulham are off to their worst start to a top-flight season with one win in eight games following last season's promotion.

Yazidis celebrate Murad’s Nobel prize as they mark top ritual
Nadia Murad is a human rights activist who, in the words of the committee, "has shown uncommon courage ... in speaking up". Murad has shared her painful story with worldwide media outlets over and over to show the world what happened to Yazidis.

© 2015 ExpressNewsline. All Rights reserved.