The Trump administration says China is stepping up covert and overt activities to stifle free speech, punish those who support the president's tough trade stance against China and interfere in the United States political system.
According to figures from the US-China Business Council cited in the white paper, US exports to China and bilateral investment supported 2.6 million jobs in America in 2015, while Chinese investment in 46 US states created more than 140,000 jobs, mostly in the manufacturing sector.
Mr Trump has himself previously claimed on his Twitter feed that China "are actively trying to impact and change our election by attacking our farmers, ranchers and industrial workers due to their loyalty to me". "We don't want them to meddle or interfere in our upcoming election", the U.S. president said.
"We do not and will not interfere in any country's domestic affairs", said Foreign Minister Wang Yi.
The U.S.' exchange with China comes as a trade war between the two nations intensified.
At the conclusion of Wednesday's briefing call, the senior official said the Trump administration was working to declassify additional details about China's activity.
"Now that will also mean that Israel will have to do something that is good for the other side".
Speaking in New York, the USA president quoted Elton John, did impressions of rival politicians, and speculated that he would be soon endorsed by "The New York Times" - "without me, you'd be out of business", he said.
In Wednesday's speech to the Security Council, Trump's comments on China came as he reiterated his plan to reimpose sanctions on Iran, as part of the USA withdrawal from an global agreement on Tehran's nuclear program.
A senior official in the Trump administration told reporters also that the USA planned to declassify information regarding Chinese political interference ahead of a speech on the issue by Vice President Mike Pence due next week.
The comments came amid the Trump administration's trade war against Beijing and were a forceful rebuke of what he said was an attempt by China to meddle in the November 6 midterm elections.
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Chinese state-controlled news organizations that long pretended to be legitimate news outlets are being required to register under the Foreign Agents Registration Act, the official added.
"They weren't laughing at me; they were laughing with me".
The president who frequently has said Chinese president Xi Jinping is a friend appeared to change that view.
Trump made the claim at the U.N. Wednesday but didn't offer any specifics.
He also condemned violence in the ongoing bloody civil war in Syria, saying that the "butchery is enabled by Russian Federation and Iran".
With cable news chyrons flashing breathless updates about both Beltway dramas, news of Trump's foreign policy moves from the United Nations, led by a new trade deal with South Korea, struggled to break through.
"China says how much the United States has benefited", he said.