Similarly, hepatitis C is a liver disease caused by the hepatitis C virus, which can cause both acute and chronic hepatitis, ranging in severity from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a serious, lifelong illness, according to WHO. Now the greatest challenge is finding people who are undiagnosed and living with hepatitis C, or those diagnosed many years ago and lost to follow up.
"Eliminating hepatitis will require ongoing innovation, better medicines, and improved health services", said Dr Gottfried Hirnschall, WHO Director for HIV and Hepatitis.
Hepatitis, which is an inflammation of the liver tissue, is caused by a virus known as viral hepatitis. Past themes included "Get tested" and "This is hepatitis".
The minister called upon health care workers to not only generate awareness amongst masses but also to work towards the goal of "Eliminating hepatitis". Left untreated, these infections lead to liver cancer and cirrhosis, which together caused more than 1.3 million deaths in 2015 alone. "That task force will take a set of recommendations that have been developed by community members, by Hepatitis C experts, by health care providers, by public health experts". With regard to HCV, it has been estimated that 170 million people have chronic infections and that three to four million new cases occur each year.
Hepatitis is widespread in India, standing fourth among 11 countries which carry nearly 50 per cent of the global burden of chronic hepatitis. It may also be caused by drugs or alcohol use, and the most common forms are Hepatitis A, B, and C.
Cape Town - As the world marks Hepatitis Day on Saturday, the City of Cape Town's health department encouraged the public to know their viral hepatitis status and help prevent the spread of the disease by focusing on safe lifestyle practices and good hygiene habits.
According to him, the national prevalence rate of hepatitis B is 11 per cent, in Nasarawa State it is 13 to 20 per cent, while hepatitis C is 2.2 per cent for national and eight to 13.5 per cent in Nasarawa State and this is hospital based report. About 40 million people live with chronic hepatitis B in the region while an estimated 10 million live with chronic hepatitis C. Urgent action is needed to find, test and treat the missing millions suffering viral hepatitis, World Health Organization said. The virus spreads through contaminated blood, with the heroin epidemic sparking a rise in new cases. The campaign aims to spread awareness about hepatitis, its symptoms, treatment and prevention.
Observers have blamed manpower deficit for the rising incidence of the disease in the country, lamenting that with less 100 hepathologists in the country, it is hard for those diagnosed of hepatitis to see a physician as HBV patients queue for three months before seeing a hepathologist. People who were infected often presented later with jaundice, fatigue, stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, and dark urine or pale stools, he said.