IOC President Thomas Bach will pronounce Russia's fate at a news conference scheduled for 1:30 p.m. ET.
On Monday, presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov said that the Kremlin is not considering boycotting Olympic Games, referring to media speculations that Russian Federation might retaliate over IOC's decision to ban national emblems by keeping an entire team out of the Games.
Since then, some Russian athletes with a clean doping record have been allowed to compete under a neutral flag.
Russian President Vladimir Putin said such conditions would be "a humiliation" to Russia, suggesting his country's athletes would not agree to perform in Pyeongchang under such circumstances.
Ahead of the IOC's decision, NPR's Lucian Kim visited Moscow's famous Gorky Park to hear what Russians are making of the claims against their country in some of its most revered sports.
"There are two options", Putin said.
By Monday, 25 Russians had been disqualified from the Sochi Games and banned from the Olympics for life, and 11 medals were stripped. Both McLaren and WADA acknowledged that they lack the authority to punish Russia's athletes.
It's likely she will ask the International Olympic Committee how it could issue a blanket ban on the Russian team when it would keep someone like her - never found to have used illegal substances and one of the top talents in her sport - from competing in the Olympics. The IAAF, track and field's global body, banned all Russian athletes from Rio except for one. A broad investigation is being led by the Inquiry Commission chaired by Samuel Schmid, a former President of Switzerland.
IOC Executive Board members are expected to have a "reading session" at the start of the afternoon portion of their meeting - which is devoted purely to the Russian doping question - to familiarise themselves with the report.
Russia's move into wholesale Olympic cheating is often traced to 2010, when the country's athletes fell well short of expectations by winning only 15 medals at the Vancouver Winter Olympics - a bad omen as the country prepared to host the 2014 games in Sochi.
"We intend to defend the interests of our athletes, of the Russian Federation, to remain committed to the ideals of Olympism and preserve all ties with the International Olympic Committee, and through these ties the problems that have arisen will be resolved", Peskov said.
But Russia was officially barred from the PyeongChang Winter Games over allegations of systematic, state-sponsored doping between 2011 and 2015. Since a year ago, Rodchenkov has been living in the United States under the protection of US authorities. The American team now leads the way with the 28 medals it won in 2014, with Norway second - and that's without the redistribution of medals that were taken away from Russian athletes.
Speaking to reporters in a conference call on Tuesday, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said Moscow will defend its athletes against doping allegations contained in a World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) report that was released previous year.