The incident occurred due to rumors that a member of the Hindu community has shared an offensive post about Prophet Mohammed on Facebook.
Police on Saturday morning filed the case with Gangachhara police station of Rangpur against more than 2000 people, including 25-30 named ones.
One person, 30-year-old Habibur Rahman, was killed when the police opened fire to ward off the angry mob that turned violent and set fire to several homes.
The protesters claimed that they were infuriated by a defamatory status published from the Facebook account of a person who hails from the Thakurbari village a few days ago, the report said. The situation could have become worse if the police had not intervened.
On information, police rushed in, charged baton, fired rubber bullets and lobbed teargas canisters to disperse the agitating people, leaving six people injured with bullets.
A large number of police personnel have been deployed in the area where the situation was tense, Kotwali police station Officer-in-Charge (Operation) Moktarul Islam said.
Six people with bullet injuries were admitted to Rangpur Medical College Hospital.
The angry mob later blocked the Rangpur-Dinajpur highway to protest against the police attack, halting the vehicular moment for about four hours in the afternoon.
Local magistrates are investigating the incident and families affected by the riot were being assisted by authorities, it was reported.