People can also get sick when they come in contact with mucus or saliva from an infected person.
USA officials deemed the disease eliminated in 2000, yet outbreaks still happen as infected travelers expose vulnerable populations to the virus, particularly in communities with many vaccine skeptics.
"Two doses of measles vaccine are about 97 percent effective in preventing measles", said state epidemiologist Dr. Christina Tan. Two or three days after the symptoms begin, tiny white spots known as Koplik sports may appear within the mouth. Officials know festivalgoers aged 15 - 25 years may have missed out on the MMR vaccine as a child.
Before traveling to a country with ongoing measles outbreaks, infants from 6 to 11 months old should receive one dose of the vaccine.
Yes. Adults who haven't been vaccinated should get at least one dose of the MMR vaccine, the CDC recommends.
Noting that the outbreaks in New York City and other areas of the state are the largest and longest-lasting since measles was declared eliminated, she warned of the possible consequences: "The longer these outbreaks continue, the greater the chance that measles will again get a foothold in the United States".
The state board issued a press release that reported more than 700 people in 22 states have been diagnosed with measles this year, including one person in Indiana.
The best way to prevent a measles infection is vaccination. The CDC updated its guidelines, recommending two doses, in 1989.
"If there might be a kid who is developing the measles, we don't want to spread that to everybody else sitting in the waiting room", said Dr. Sarah Springer, who practices medicine at Kids Plus Pediatrics.
Not sure if you received two shots?
"We have many vaccines that are safe and effective", Miner said.
A woman receives a measles, mumps and rubella vaccine at the Rockland County Health Department in Pomona, N.Y., Wednesday, March 27, 2019. Adults vaccinated prior to 1968 with an inactivated measles vaccine or an unknown vaccine should be revaccinated with at least one dose of the vaccine.
The county's current vaccination recommendation varies between certain people.
"As family physicians, it is our responsible to help our patients who are not vaccinated - to educate them so that they can get vaccinated", Hooks said, noting that vaccine-preventable diseases can take both a financial and a health toll.
Some parents are refusing to get their children immunized "for a variety of reasons", Nakashima said.
"By rights, measles should not be seen in the United States.it had been almost eliminated", said Dr. David Wolfson, a UPMC pediatrician. "Let us just read about them while we keep our children well and playing together, so we don't have to worry about whether this child or that child has been vaccinated".