Measles is a highly contagious airborne virus that is preventable with vaccination. The woman is reported to be between the ages of 25 and 35, and the boys are both younger than 2. The agency says worldwide travelers returning from Israel and Ukraine-where large outbreaks recently occurred-appear to be spreading the measles in the United States.
The announcement of this case in North Texas comes after 31 cases of measles were reported last month in Portland, Oregon, most of which occurred in children under the age of 10. There is one possible case in Cowlitz County. Five of the cases involve children, at least some of whom had received one round of the vaccination.
Even though Arizona does not now have a reported case of measles, the state has one of the highest rates of exemptions for at least one vaccine that's required for childcare, kindergarten or sixth grade.
Measles is transmitted through direct contact with an infected person or through the air when the infected person coughs or sneezes.
"Measles is so contagious that if one person has it, 90 [percent] of the people close to that person who are not yet immune could become infected", the release read. About 1 out of 4 people who get measles will be hospitalized.
Kids can also start getting the flu vaccine at 6 months of age.
A hallmark of measles is a rash that begins as flat, red spots on the face and spreads down the neck to the rest of the body.
In 2018, Texas had nine confirmed measles cases.
Fever is followed by the onset of cough, runny nose, and/or eye inflammation.
"Our vaccination rates are not so low that I think we are going to be like Italy or Romania that had thousands of cases a year ago but we could have a few hundred cases", Ludke said.
OR health officials say three more measles cases have been confirmed in Multnomah County, which is home to Portland.
The measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine is recommended for children because it protects against three potentially serious viral illnesses.