The program of ISS Expedition 58 includes applied scientific research and experiments, implementation of scheduled tasks associated with the station's maintenance and outfitting the station with equipment delivered by the cargo transports, as well as the EVA performance.
Astronauts Anne McClain from American space agency Nasa, David Saint-Jacques from the Canadian Space Agency and Oleg Kononenko of the Russian space agency Roscosmos left aboard the Russian Soyuz spacecraft from Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan just after 11.31am GMT. Until December 20, the new ISS crew will perform a large number of experiments that will return to Earth the crew of Sergey Prokopyeva.
The agency said that NASA astronaut Nick Hague and Roscosmos cosmonaut Alexey Ovchinin have been assigned to the crew of Soyuz MS-12, the next crewed mission to the ISS, joining NASA astronaut Christina Hammock Koch.
Barley two months after a Soyuz made an emergency landing, the Russian spacecraft has safely brought one astronaut each from the United States and Canada and a cosmonaut from Russia, to the International Space Station (ISS). From the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan launched the Russian carrier rocket Soyuz-FG with the manned space ship Soyuz MS-11, which is the crew for the worldwide space station.
They escaped unharmed but the failed launch was the first such incident in Russia's post-Soviet history and a new setback for the country's once proud space industry.
This is the first Soyuz launch since the aborted launch in October, where the astronauts on-board were forced to conduct an emergency landing.
The new mission will see the three latest crew members on the station for six months conducting hundreds of science investigations. The Soyuz capsule carrying the astronaut reached the ISS six hours later.
The station's current crew of NASA's Serena Aunon-Chancellor, Russian Sergei Prokopyev and German Alexander Gerst were waiting to greet the newcomers.
In October, booster failure forced a Soyuz spacecraft carrying Russian cosmonaut Alexey Ovchinin and U.S. astronaut Nick Hague to make an emergency landing.
Russian Federation said last month the October launch had failed because of a sensor damaged during assembly at the Baikonur cosmodrome, but insisted the spacecraft remained reliable.
Saint-Jacques is the first Canadian resident of the International Space Station since Chris Hadfield, who was on a five-month mission that ended in May 2013.
"We have confirmation of the spacecraft separation; Soyuz capsule and crew safely in orbit", NASA TV said online in its blow-by-blow commentary of the take-off.