60% of animal populations wiped out since 1970, major report finds

Share
60% of animal populations wiped out since 1970, major report finds

From hedgehogs and puffins to elephants, rhinos and polar bears, wildlife is in decline, due to the loss of habitats, poaching, pollution of land and seas and rising global temperatures, the "Living Planet" report warned. The information is based on data from approximately 16.700 populations studied and about 4000 species of vertebrates in the world.

These human-driven changes are so severe that scientists believe we may be inducing a mass extinction event.

The bi-yearly Living Planet Report released Monday documents the state of the planet, including biodiversity, ecosystems and the demand on natural resources. The report says that nearly three-quarters of all the land on the earth are now in some or the other way is affected by humans and their activities.

"We are sleepwalking towards the edge of a cliff", says Mike Barrett, executive director of science and conservation at WWF.

While climate change is a growing threat, the report said the overexploitation of species for consumption, agriculture, and activities such as land conversion and habitat loss were the top threats to biodiversity. "Economically, pollination increases the global value of crop production by $237-$577 billion per year to growers alone and keeps price down for consumers", the report says.

It is estimated that 99pc of all species that have ever lived on planet Earth are now extinct, driven in large part by evolution, changing climates and, of course, human intervention. "The Living Planet report clearly demonstrates that human activities are destroying nature at an unacceptable rate, threatening the well being of current and future generations". "The index shows an 83 per cent decline in freshwater biodiversity since 1970, equivalent to 4 per cent every year", the report said.

The staggering loss is reflected in the organization's Living Planet Index, which tracks global biodiversity by measuring the abundance of mammals, reptiles, birds and other species.

Perhaps the scariest statistic: humans have wiped out about 60 per cent of the planet's animal life since 1970.

"We need a new global deal for nature", said Lambertini, noting two key ingredients in the 195-nation Paris climate treaty.

More generally, the marginal capacity of Earth's ecosystems to renew themselves has been far outstripped by humanity's ecological footprint, which has almost tripled in 50 years. "We may also be the last generation that can do something about it".

The report has pointed out that an global biodiversity assessment earlier this year had noted that only a quarter of land on Earth is substantively free of human activities. "It is time that we look beyond business as usual scenarios and galvanise collective action for positive change, allowing the planet an opportunity to revive itself", Secretary General and CEO of WWF-India Ravi Singh said. Globally, nature provides services worth around $125 trillion a year, while also helping ensure the supply of fresh air, clean water, food, energy, medicines and more.

The authors urged the 200 member countries of the Convention on Biological Diversity to come up with a set of global goals to protect animal species when they meet next month in Egypt.

Share

Advertisement

Related Posts

Google changed its mobile homepage for the first time in years
Google's software will also estimate your level of expertise in a particular topic and show you appropriate content based on that. Given Google's system, it could be progressively an issue of when you see Discover as opposed to whether it appears in any case.

Researchers Look at Potential Downsides of Cancer Screenings
November will honor men's health, with prostate cancer awareness. "He went for treatment and he remained in remission for years". You wear it on your head the day of chemo therapy and you actually wear it 4 hours once chemo is over for that day.

Turkey's Erdogan threatens new push against Syrian Kurds
Turkey's president says they are ready to go with an anti-terror operation against Kurdish forces in northern Syria. The strategic town lies west of the Euphrates and was taken by SDF forces from the Islamic State in 2016.

Jack Dorsey Wants To Get Rid of Twitter Like Button
CEO and co-founder, Jack Dorsey , mentioned the news at a Twitter event last week, originally reported by The Telegraph . On the platform in question, people were pretty surprised by Dorsey's attitude to the "like" button.

Mesut Ozil reacts to facing Tottenham in Carabao Cup quarter-final
Arsenal went galloping into the quarter-finals of the Carabao Cup by sweeping Blackpool aside in the last-16 at the Emirates. The Gunners were cruising but that was before Matteo Guendouzi picked up a second yellow card and was sent off.

Trump Birthright Citizenship Plan Blasted as "Unconstitutional"
Napolitano said that the debate over birthright citizenship isn't serious, disagreeing with Jonathan Turley's argument . According to a 2015 Pew Research Centre poll , 60% of Americans were against ending birthright citizenship.

Zola wants on loan pair to play against Chelsea in Carabao Cup
Yet while Derby were obliging, they always carried a potent threat of their own with Mount and Harry Wilson pesky. Instead of giving Derby a free-kick, Chelsea were awarded a throw-in, from which Fabregas hit the victor .

Rafael Nadal and Milos Raonic withdraw from Paris Masters, seasons in doubt
Raonic fired 23 aces as he outlasted France's Jo-Wilfried Tsonga 6-7 (4/7), 7-6 (7/5), 7-6 (7/5) in his opening match. Nadal did not say whether he will play at the season-ending ATP Finals in London, beginning November 11.

Abe Hits back at S. Korean Court's Decision on Japan's Forced Labor
If Japanese companies refuse to pay compensation, their assets in South Korea may be seized by authorities, the sources said. Tuesday's ruling provides effective closure to a long-pending case that began more than 13 years ago.

Istanbul prosecutor says journalist Jamal Khashoggi was suffocated in Saudi consulate
It is also pressing Saudi Arabia for information concerning his remains, which still haven't been found. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan made the same demand yesterday .

© 2015 ExpressNewsline. All Rights reserved.