60% of animal populations wiped out since 1970, major report finds

Share
60% of animal populations wiped out since 1970, major report finds

From hedgehogs and puffins to elephants, rhinos and polar bears, wildlife is in decline, due to the loss of habitats, poaching, pollution of land and seas and rising global temperatures, the "Living Planet" report warned. The information is based on data from approximately 16.700 populations studied and about 4000 species of vertebrates in the world.

These human-driven changes are so severe that scientists believe we may be inducing a mass extinction event.

The bi-yearly Living Planet Report released Monday documents the state of the planet, including biodiversity, ecosystems and the demand on natural resources. The report says that nearly three-quarters of all the land on the earth are now in some or the other way is affected by humans and their activities.

"We are sleepwalking towards the edge of a cliff", says Mike Barrett, executive director of science and conservation at WWF.

While climate change is a growing threat, the report said the overexploitation of species for consumption, agriculture, and activities such as land conversion and habitat loss were the top threats to biodiversity. "Economically, pollination increases the global value of crop production by $237-$577 billion per year to growers alone and keeps price down for consumers", the report says.

It is estimated that 99pc of all species that have ever lived on planet Earth are now extinct, driven in large part by evolution, changing climates and, of course, human intervention. "The Living Planet report clearly demonstrates that human activities are destroying nature at an unacceptable rate, threatening the well being of current and future generations". "The index shows an 83 per cent decline in freshwater biodiversity since 1970, equivalent to 4 per cent every year", the report said.

The staggering loss is reflected in the organization's Living Planet Index, which tracks global biodiversity by measuring the abundance of mammals, reptiles, birds and other species.

Perhaps the scariest statistic: humans have wiped out about 60 per cent of the planet's animal life since 1970.

"We need a new global deal for nature", said Lambertini, noting two key ingredients in the 195-nation Paris climate treaty.

More generally, the marginal capacity of Earth's ecosystems to renew themselves has been far outstripped by humanity's ecological footprint, which has almost tripled in 50 years. "We may also be the last generation that can do something about it".

The report has pointed out that an global biodiversity assessment earlier this year had noted that only a quarter of land on Earth is substantively free of human activities. "It is time that we look beyond business as usual scenarios and galvanise collective action for positive change, allowing the planet an opportunity to revive itself", Secretary General and CEO of WWF-India Ravi Singh said. Globally, nature provides services worth around $125 trillion a year, while also helping ensure the supply of fresh air, clean water, food, energy, medicines and more.

The authors urged the 200 member countries of the Convention on Biological Diversity to come up with a set of global goals to protect animal species when they meet next month in Egypt.

Share

Advertisement

Related Posts

India jumps 23 spots to No
New Zealand topped the list of 190 countries in ease of doing business , followed by Singapore, Denmark, and Hong Kong. With streamlining of processes, the country has made it faster and less expensive to obtain a construction permit.

Twitter's in lurv: Beyoncé channels Toni Braxton in Halloween tribute
While publishing the photos on her IG account, Beyonce wrote a celebratory caption that summarizes Braxton's musical impact. Have a Happy Halloween my Kings and Queens", she posted along with the photos where she dubbed herself " Phoni Braxton ".

Quake of magnitude 6.2 strikes near New Plymouth, New Zealand
New Zealand donated $5000 to the charity as a wedding gift to the couple when they Wednesday in May. Tens of thousands of people across the centre of the country have reported feeling the shaking.

Mesut Ozil reacts to facing Tottenham in Carabao Cup quarter-final
Arsenal went galloping into the quarter-finals of the Carabao Cup by sweeping Blackpool aside in the last-16 at the Emirates. The Gunners were cruising but that was before Matteo Guendouzi picked up a second yellow card and was sent off.

Turkey's Erdogan threatens new push against Syrian Kurds
Turkey's president says they are ready to go with an anti-terror operation against Kurdish forces in northern Syria. The strategic town lies west of the Euphrates and was taken by SDF forces from the Islamic State in 2016.

Researchers Look at Potential Downsides of Cancer Screenings
November will honor men's health, with prostate cancer awareness. "He went for treatment and he remained in remission for years". You wear it on your head the day of chemo therapy and you actually wear it 4 hours once chemo is over for that day.

Abe Hits back at S. Korean Court's Decision on Japan's Forced Labor
If Japanese companies refuse to pay compensation, their assets in South Korea may be seized by authorities, the sources said. Tuesday's ruling provides effective closure to a long-pending case that began more than 13 years ago.

Google’s First Multiplayer Game Is A Highly Addictive Halloween Doodle
Google is getting in the Halloween spirit with a first-of-its-kind Google Doodle that's both interactive and competitive. In order to get the spirits you collect to contribute to your team's total, they have to be deposited back at your base.

Ford GT Carbon Series revealed
We suspect the real appeal of this Carbon Edition is the way it looks, with more exposed carbon than any previous GT. The Ford GT Carbon Series is said to be nearly 18kg (40lb) lighter than the standard vehicle .

Green Bay Packers trade Ty Montgomery and Ha Ha Clinton-Dix
One of the criticisms lobbed at former Green Bay Packers general manager Ted Thompson was his reticence toward the media. The 24-year-old has 26 carries for 105 yards and a score plus 15 catches for 170 yards in seven games this season.

© 2015 ExpressNewsline. All Rights reserved.