The co-chair of the IPCC Jim Skea said on Monday, when the report was published, that to limit warming to 1.5 degrees there needs to be changes to energy systems, to the way land is managed, and to reduce transport emissions.
In 2015, the Paris Agreement was crafted to suit the demands of the then USA government. This report gives glaciers extensive coverage, referring to them 19 times.
What actions could get us to an increase of only 1.5°C?
This week's report from global scientists was stark and urgent.
Statement from IPCC Working Group I Co-Chair Valérie Masson-Delmotte (source: IPCC).
The report outlines the impacts of global warming of 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.
Drought, flooding, extreme heat, increased poverty. As with previous governments, Morrison's claims renewable energy can't replace baseload coal power.
At the dialogue, information on the newly approved Special Report of the IPCC on the impacts of global warming of 1.5ºC and issues related to global greenhouse gas emissions were also shared.
SR1.5 mentions glaciers once in each of two early key sections, presenting distinct, important features which they possess.
In 1965, Johnson's science advisory committee wrote in a White House report: "Through his worldwide industrial civilization, Man is unwittingly conducting a vast geophysical experiment". These systems consist of ecosystems and societies which have narrow spatial ranges which face firm climate constraints, and which have endemic species or other distinctive features which can not be replicated.
The report stated that limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius rather than 2 degrees Celsius will lessen the considerable impacts to the ecosystem and human health, helping to achieve the UN's sustainable development goals. "Changes in agricultural water availability caused by upstream changes in glacier volume are a typical example".
In an article on The Conversation, Matthew Adams, principal lecturer in psychology, argues that "collective action" is the most effective way of tackling global warming. Climate apocalypse isn't too far away. As glaciers melt and oceans expand, seas will continue to rise. That change has contributed to sea level rise, the melting of Arctic sea ice, coral bleaching of ocean reefs and ocean acidification.
The report comes as Canada is embroiled in a new round of political arguments about the best way to proceed, with the federal Liberals' planned national price on carbon being challenged by a growing number of provincial governments. This chapter also notes that glacier melt will contribute to the decrease in salinity in seawater, particularly at high latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere (section 3.3.10, Ocean Chemistry). But in Asia - in some part arguably by industrial-evolutionary rights - building of new coal capacity is carrying on unhindered, with 85% of new capacity under development in the world's top 20 coal-producing countries in the Asia-Pacific (APAC) region.