The only entities to have conducted controlled landings on the Moon are the governments of the former Soviet Union, the United States, and China. It is 1.5 meters, or over 4.9 feet high, 2 meters or six-and-a-half feet in diameter, and the fuel it will carry will comprise some 75 percent of its total weight.
Israel, which is practically synonymous with cutting-edge technology, is finally set to join the very small club of countries who have traveled to the moon.
Speaking at press conference, SpaceIL's CEO Ido Anteby said his country's flag will be planted on the moon. Its maximum speed will reach more than 10 kilometers per second (36,000 kilometers, or almost 22,370 miles, per hour). SpaceIL presented its completed spacecraft, scheduled to launch in December on a SpaceX rocket. It will separate from the rocket at 37,000 miles above the Earth and enter an elliptical orbit and slowly expand until it's captured by lunar gravity. "The spot chosen is relatively flat and the spacecraft has eye contact with Earth for communication", Anteby said. At this point, it will ignite its engines and reduce its speed to allow the moon's gravity to capture it. "And this is going to be the first privately run mission to the Moon". The entire journey, from launch to landing, will last approximately two months.
Upon its landing, the spacecraft plans to take photos and video of the landing site while also measuring the moon's magnetic field as part of a Weizmann Institute scientific experiment.
Despite the SpaceIL initiative is well in framework of Google Lunar XC Prize the SpaceIL will not get the prize as the cash retribution as it has been cancelled by the originator in March 2018 with no winners.
SpaceIL was the only Israeli contestant in the global Google Lunar XPRIZE competition.
On the moon, the vessel will transmit data to the control centre at IAI for two days before its systems shut down.
The unmanned mission is a joint effort between private company Israel Aerospace Industries and nonprofit organization SpaceIL. The SpaceIL mission is the first of its kind for Israel. This way, they will raise interest in space among the people in Israel, and will also encourage young generations to study STEM. With the help of a broad network of volunteers, SpaceIL has already made presentations to about 900,000 children nationwide.