WHO aims to eliminate the use of trans fats world wide by 2023 and released REPLACE, a step-by-step guide for the elimination of industrially-produced trans-fatty acids from the global food supply. Such fatty acids are of 2 types: those of animal origin, present in meats and dairy products, which do not entail health problems, and those whose origin is of another type, whether vegetable or chemical.
In the wake of the WHO alarm bells on increasing deaths due to trans fats, doctors say that more and more people are facing health problems because of the consumption of trans fats in large quantities.
"Trans fats are a harmful compound that can be removed easily without major cost and without any impact on the quality of the foods", Branca said.
Legislate or promote regulations or regulations to eliminate these substances from food.
Dr. Tom Frieden, a former director of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention who worked with World Health Organization officials on the call to action, called its move unprecedented. What is new is the World Health Organization global initiative to tackle a non-communicable disease, said Frieden, presently the President and Chief Executive of Resolve to Save Lives (an initiative of non-profit organisation Vital Strategies), involved with implementing the World Health Organization campaign.
The first trans fatty food to hit the USA market was Crisco shortening, which went on sale in 1911.
Food makers liked artificial trans fats because they prolong product shelf life and enhance flavor.
Dr Ravi Shankar, senior gastroenterologist, said, "Trans fats are mainly found in fast foods and if they are consumed in higher quantities, they lead to premature death and accumulation of fats in one's blood vessels which can even lead to cerebral palsy". They used them in such fare as doughnuts, cookies and deep-fried foods.
In the U.S., New York City in 2006 banned restaurants from serving food with trans fats.
It increases the risk of heart disease by 21 per cent and death by 28 per cent. The same year the FDA required manufacturers to list trans fat content information on food labels.
Quartz: How trans fat fell from grace to become a foodie villain (Purdy, 5/14). He further stated that implementing the six strategies in the REPLACE plan will help in eliminating the prevalence of trans-fat, thereby signifying a pivotal victory for WHO's initiative to combat cardiovascular ailments. "But in the last three or four years, most big food companies have stopped using trans fats", she said.
Experts say transitioning away from trans fats is not only life-saving, but financially viable as well.