The quantity of instances of sexually transmitted maladies in California achieved a record high a year ago and authorities are especially anxious by a spike in stillbirths because of inborn syphilis, state wellbeing experts said Monday.
That's a 45 percent increase from five years ago.
See the CDPH's breakdown of the data here. Rates of chlamydia are highest among young women, and males account for the majority of syphilis and gonorrhea cases. Gonorrhea cases saw a 16 percent increase in the same time frame but affected twice as many men than women.
Particularly concerning, in 2017, there were 30 stillbirths due to congenital syphilis in California. According to the CDC, most people with chlamydia don't have symptoms, or those symptoms may not appear for several weeks.
STDs can cause a number of serious health problems.
Watt added that the Internet helps sexual networks get wider and the more people you get in those networks, the higher the chances of spreading STDs are.
Gonorrhea is a very common infection, especially among young people ages 15-24.
Syphilis is categorized as primary, secondary, latent, and tertiary- and each stage has different signs and symptoms.
Chlamydia cases have reached the highest number in almost three decades, with 218,710 new cases reported a year ago.
Therefore, in order to educate people and spread awareness about the alarming risks of STD, the health officials are now working with schools, community groups as well as youth organisations across California.
Experts say syphilis can also cause permanent loss of vision, hearing and other neurologic problems. Officials say regular STD testing is important because most people who are infected don't know it.
Myriad factors contribute to high STD rates among minorities, including lack of health care resources, said Center for Health Equity Director Heather Jue Northover, the Los Angeles Times reported. Untreated infections can cause health issues including brain disease, according to CDPH.