Who is Sir William Henry Perkin?

Who is Sir William Henry Perkin?

Sir William Henry Perkin transformed the colours of the world by stumbling across the first ever synthetic dye, which had huge repercussions for the world of fashion.

Perkin, known for giving birth to the modern chemical industry, did not stop with this discovery but went on researching to find other aniline dye colours and synthetic scents.

Sir William Perkin was born in the East End to a carpenter father and Scottish mother, and he was the youngest of seven children.

"As an 18-year-old laboratory assistant, Perkin was cleaning out dark muck from a beaker after a failed experiment, when he noticed that the substance left a vivid purple stain when diluted with alcohol".

Perkin's first assignment, given to him by his superiors at the university, was to help discover how to synthesise quinine to combat malaria.

Perkin could not have chosen a better time or place for his discovery: England was the cradle of the Industrial Revolution, largely driven by advances in the production of textiles; the science of chemistry had advanced to the point where it could have a major impact on industrial processes; and coal tar, the major source of his raw material, was an abundant by-product of the process for making coal gas and coke.

Sadly when he discovered the brilliant red dye alizarin, he was beaten to getting a patent for it by a German company called BASF, and Germany quickly gained a monopoly on the manufacture and selling of dyes, forcing Perkin to sell off his holdings and retire. "Purple clothing was very much in style, but prohibitively expensive for most, not to mention quick to fade". Queen Victoria is said to have worn a mauveine-dyed gown to the Royal Exhibition of 1862.

In 1856, Perkin carried out a series of experiments to manufacture quinine from aniline, an cheap and readily available coal tar waste product, working in his makeshift laboratory at his home. Today marks the 180th birthday of Sir Willian Henry Perkin and apart from mauveine, he is also known for aniline dye and Perkin triangle.

Perkin has also been awarded with Davy Medal, Albert Medal, and Perkin Medal.



Related Posts

Judiciary groups calling on Sereno to resign
The embattled Chief Justice said she did not start any trouble, saying those who called for her resignation "succumbed to pressures".

Ehsan Khan's action cleared by ICC
Anshuman Rath has been their go-for man so far as he has scored 150 runs with his 65 setting up the victory against Afghanistan. If Nepal can beat Hong Kong , by a huge margin, they can surpass Afghanistan to be the third team in Super Six.

James Overturf Sells 880 Shares of Extra Space Storage, Inc. (EXR) Stock
The firm has "Buy" rating by Zacks given on Friday, August 28. (NASDAQ:LECO) on Friday, September 1 with "Hold" rating. The stock of Exxon Mobil Corporation (NYSE:XOM) has "Buy" rating given on Tuesday, June 13 by RBC Capital Markets.

Chief Of Staff Kelly Wants New White House Security Clearance Rules
Cummings, however, wrote Friday that the committee has not scheduled any interviews with the White house. On Wednesday, Gowdy would not rule out issuing a subpoena to the White House.

Oklahoma makes the NCAA tournament
The NCAA college basketball tournament takes us to the Midwest Region where the #7 Rhode Island Rams face the Oklahoma Sooners. OU's early season successes included wins at Wichita State and TCU and neutral-site wins over OR and USC.

Passenger jet slides off runway, catches on fire in Nepal
Citing unnamed airport officials, The Kathmandu Post reported that the plane crashed due to suspected technical faults. The plane is believed to have been travelling from Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, when it crashed in Kathmandu .

San Diego State to face Houston in NCAA Tournament
Meanwhile, the Aztecs home court, Viejas Arena, will play host to four NCAA games, two each from the East Regional and Midwest. Houston was seeded sixth with a 26-7 record after losing in Sunday's AAC tournament final to Cincinnati.

Sony Xperia R1, Xperia R1 Plus start receiving Android Oreo update
The Xperia R1 offers 2GB of RAM and 16GB of internal storage, while the R1 Plus offers 3GB of RAM and 32GB of internal storage. These are mid-range smartphones from Sony and recently Sony has confirmed the Android 8.0 Oreo update on these smartphones.

Priya Prakash Varrier in Ranveer Singh's film?
The film is slated to release on December 28, a week after Shah Rukh Khan, Katrina Kaif and Anushka Sharma starrer "Zero". The actress has been a sensation and we can only imagine the magic she and Ranveer Singh could create on the big screen.

Kollywood's tribute to Sridevi: Ajith, Shalini meet Boney Kapoor, Jhanvi
Two pillars of Tamil cinema, Rajinikanth and Kamal Haasan were not able to attend the event due to their other commitments. After making her mark in the South Indian films, she entered the Bollywood.

© 2015 ExpressNewsline. All Rights reserved.