The Roman Catholic leader's comments came after President Donald Trump announced plans for the U.S.to support the relocation of the Israeli capital to Jerusalem - and for the U.S. Embassy to be relocated there as well.
The worldwide leaders in separate statements, criticized the Trump administration's decision on Wednesday to officially recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, describing it as a risky disruption that contravenes several United Nations resolutions and could inflame one of the world's thorniest conflicts. The United Nations Secretary General Antonio Guterres, European Union's top diplomat, Federica Mogherini, and even Pope Francis have expressed concerns.
The pope urged Mr. Trump to consider and remain with the "status quo" to avoid possible issues amid calls by Palestinian for protests.
Erdoğan and Pope Francis hold a phone call Thursday evening, discussing the US decision to move its embassy from Israel's Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, presidential sources said.
"I can not keep quiet about my deep worry about the situation that has been created in the last few days".
"I make a heartfelt appeal so that all commit themselves to respecting the status quo of the city, in conformity with the pertinent resolutions of the United Nations", he said.
In his appeal, Pope Francis said, "Jerusalem is a unique city, sacred to Jews, Christians and Muslims who venerate the holy places of their respective religions, and has a special vocation to peace".
The change is a recognition of "reality", officials said, both the historic reality that Jerusalem has been the capital of the Jewish nation since ancient times and the modern reality that the city is the seat of Israel's government, housing its legislature, supreme court, prime minister, and executive agencies.
The English-language Daily Star newspaper's front page features a full-page photo of Old City of Jerusalem with a headline reading: "No offense Mr. President, Jerusalem is the capital of PALESTINE". While West Jerusalem is the seat of Israel's government, Palestinians view East Jerusalem as the capital of a future Palestinian state. "I pray to God that this identity is preserved and reinforced, for the sake of the Holy Land, the Middle East and the whole world, and that wisdom and prudence prevail", he said.
The news that the Mr. Trump intends to move the US embassy, a process that could take several years, has brought strong protests not only from Palestinians but also from the Arab world and the European Union, who warn that the decision is likely to scuttle the peace process in the Middle East.
Turkey's president Recep Tayyip Erdogan has warned to cut diplomatic ties with Israel if the United States recognises Jerusalem as its capital. With Arab world infuriated, even the closest USA allies including the United Kingdom are not in support of the decision.
He added that Israel must not allow its own interests to "disrupt what the United Nations has repeated many times, and what has also been the logical and coherent position of the Holy See for all the past decades".