More Than 4 in 10 Cancers Preventable

More Than 4 in 10 Cancers Preventable

Then, scientists applied these proportions to current cancer data to estimate the number of associated cases and deaths for 26 cancer types.

The biggest factors in cancer risk were cigarette smoking, obesity, alcohol consumption, exposure to second-hand smoke, consuming too much red and processed meats, and not eating enough fruits and veggies.

Based on nationally representative data for 2014, the analysis showed that potentially modifiable risk factors accounted for 42% of cancers and 45% of cancer deaths. On the other hand, cancer cases and deaths linked to excess body weight, alcohol intake, physical inactivityand human papilloma virus (HPV) infection were higher in women.

A large new study from the American Cancer Society lists risk factors for various types of cancer.

Cigarette smoking accounted for the highest proportion of cancer cases (19.0%; 298,970 cases) and deaths (28.8%; 169,180 deaths), followed by excess body weight (7.8% of cases; 6.5% of deaths), alcohol intake (5.6% of cases; 4.0% of deaths), UV radiation (4.7% of cancers; 1.5% of deaths), and physical inactivity (2.9% of cases and 2.2% of deaths). In particular with respect to cancers for which avoidable risk factors for disease with important risk factors are poorly known (prostate and pancreas) or whose level of proof is insufficient.

"The results indicated that we can prevent a substantial proportion of cancers with the help of behavior and prevention strategies", said lead study author Dr. Farhad Islami, Strategic Director of Cancer Surveillance Research at the American Cancer Society.

Specifically, researchers estimated the number of cancer cases and death overall for 26 types of cancer in adults over the age of 30 in the United States that may be attributed to preventable exposures.

- Exposure to ultraviolet radiation from sunlight or tanning beds was associated with 96 percent of skin cancers in men and 94 percent in women. Other cancers for which preventable factors accounted for at least three-fourths of total case volume included cutaneous melanoma (95.1%), anal cancer (88.2%), lung cancer (85.8%), laryngeal cancer (83.2%), and oropharyngeal/nasal cavity/paranasal sinus cancers (77.9%).

- Alcohol intake was associated with 25 percent of liver cancers in men and 12 percent in women; 17 percent of colorectal cancers in men and 8 percent in women; and 16 percent of breast cancers in women.

They found that a similar number of deaths - 45 percent - could be linked to these factors.

Richard Clapp, a professor emeritus of environmental health at Boston University expects the new numbers to be will widely cited and used to make decisions about how to spend money on cancer prevention, just as the influential British study from 1981 by researchers Richard Doll and Richard Peto has been.

Cancer specialists have long recognized causal associations between potentially modifiable risk factors and various types of cancer, Islami and co-authors noted in their introduction.

The authors disclosed no relevant relationships with industry.



Related Posts

Bulger killer Jon Venables back in jail over child abuse images
The police found the sickening images in the now-35-year-old killer's computer during a routine visit last week. Mrs Fergus also lashed out at the probation service who she accused of trying to cover up Venables' arrest.

Has $347.18 Million Stake in Coca-Cola Company (The) (KO)
The stock has a market capitalization of $195,310.00, a price-to-earnings ratio of 24.05, a PEG ratio of 3.85 and a beta of 0.70. Capwealth Advisors Ltd Liability Company holds 0.23% of its portfolio in The Coca-Cola Co (NYSE:KO) for 25,822 shares.

No. 9 North Carolina Routs Portland 102-78 In PK80 Tourney
Freshman guard Marcus Shaver Jr. tallied 17 points and hit 3 of 5 3-pointers. Friday's games in the Victory Bracket will be played at Memorial Coliseum.

Calls for Sleeping Beauty to be banned from primary schools
The mother of two said: 'I think it's a specific issue in the Sleeping Beauty story about sexual behaviour and consent.

Federal judge blocks new Texas abortion ban
Among the plaintiffs is Whole Woman's Health , the abortion provider that became synonymous with the landmark U.S. Hellerstedt , in which the court struck down the anti-choice omnibus law known as HB 2 .

Heavy rain leads to 'unprecedented' flooding in Co Laois
Warnings have been issued to road users about surface water in many areas following heavy overnight rain. Thirty soldiers have been dispatched as part of the clean-up and rescue efforts.

Solanki terms reports of his resignation 'fake'
The 14th Gujarat Legislative Assembly election, 2017 is scheduled to be held on December 9 and December 14. Talking to reporters here, Solanki said his fake resignation letter was doing rounds on the social media.

Anambra made Lagos what it is today - Obiano
In his reaction, Chief Ifeatu Obi-Okoye, National Publicity Secretary of APGA, said Anambra State was in for better days. He also urged the governor to use his victory to improve the welfare of the masses.

Apple & Samsung dominate United Kingdom smartphone Market in 3Q17
Samsung also enjoyed a strong position, accounting for nearly one third of the premium market volume during the quarter. Apple are top dogs in a wavering United Kingdom smartphone market, according to data published by Counterpoint.

Jon Hendricks Latest News, Photos, and Videos
Hendricks, a native of Newark, Ohio, shot to fame in the 1950s jazz vocal trio Lambert, Hendricks & Ross. Hendricks' wife, Judith Hendricks, died in 2015.

© 2015 ExpressNewsline. All Rights reserved.