More Than 4 in 10 Cancers Preventable

More Than 4 in 10 Cancers Preventable

Then, scientists applied these proportions to current cancer data to estimate the number of associated cases and deaths for 26 cancer types.

The biggest factors in cancer risk were cigarette smoking, obesity, alcohol consumption, exposure to second-hand smoke, consuming too much red and processed meats, and not eating enough fruits and veggies.

Based on nationally representative data for 2014, the analysis showed that potentially modifiable risk factors accounted for 42% of cancers and 45% of cancer deaths. On the other hand, cancer cases and deaths linked to excess body weight, alcohol intake, physical inactivityand human papilloma virus (HPV) infection were higher in women.

A large new study from the American Cancer Society lists risk factors for various types of cancer.

Cigarette smoking accounted for the highest proportion of cancer cases (19.0%; 298,970 cases) and deaths (28.8%; 169,180 deaths), followed by excess body weight (7.8% of cases; 6.5% of deaths), alcohol intake (5.6% of cases; 4.0% of deaths), UV radiation (4.7% of cancers; 1.5% of deaths), and physical inactivity (2.9% of cases and 2.2% of deaths). In particular with respect to cancers for which avoidable risk factors for disease with important risk factors are poorly known (prostate and pancreas) or whose level of proof is insufficient.

"The results indicated that we can prevent a substantial proportion of cancers with the help of behavior and prevention strategies", said lead study author Dr. Farhad Islami, Strategic Director of Cancer Surveillance Research at the American Cancer Society.

Specifically, researchers estimated the number of cancer cases and death overall for 26 types of cancer in adults over the age of 30 in the United States that may be attributed to preventable exposures.

- Exposure to ultraviolet radiation from sunlight or tanning beds was associated with 96 percent of skin cancers in men and 94 percent in women. Other cancers for which preventable factors accounted for at least three-fourths of total case volume included cutaneous melanoma (95.1%), anal cancer (88.2%), lung cancer (85.8%), laryngeal cancer (83.2%), and oropharyngeal/nasal cavity/paranasal sinus cancers (77.9%).

- Alcohol intake was associated with 25 percent of liver cancers in men and 12 percent in women; 17 percent of colorectal cancers in men and 8 percent in women; and 16 percent of breast cancers in women.

They found that a similar number of deaths - 45 percent - could be linked to these factors.

Richard Clapp, a professor emeritus of environmental health at Boston University expects the new numbers to be will widely cited and used to make decisions about how to spend money on cancer prevention, just as the influential British study from 1981 by researchers Richard Doll and Richard Peto has been.

Cancer specialists have long recognized causal associations between potentially modifiable risk factors and various types of cancer, Islami and co-authors noted in their introduction.

The authors disclosed no relevant relationships with industry.



Related Posts

Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Limited (TEVA)
Brown Advisory Securities Llc decreased Teva Pharmaceutical Inds Ltd (TEVA) stake by 67.1% reported in 2017Q2 SEC filing. The Company is engaged in developing, producing and marketing generic medicines and a portfolio of specialty medicines.

Is there Intrinsic Value in NXP Semiconductors NV (NasdaqGS:NXPI)?
The stock of NXP Semiconductors NV (NASDAQ:NXPI) earned "Buy" rating by Summit Redstone Partners on Wednesday, July 20. A number of other institutional investors and hedge funds have also recently made changes to their positions in NXPI.

Jon Hendricks Latest News, Photos, and Videos
Hendricks, a native of Newark, Ohio, shot to fame in the 1950s jazz vocal trio Lambert, Hendricks & Ross. Hendricks' wife, Judith Hendricks, died in 2015.

Shoppers get an early jump on holiday shopping
It's easier to spend less online because you can move from site to site instead of running from store to store to compare prices. Store manager Erin White estimated that 300 customers came into the store during the initial rush when doors opened at 5 p.m.

Finland bakery starts selling insect bread containing crickets
Several stores in Belgium, the Netherlands, Denmark, and Austria have been marketing insect-based products for human consumption. Sibakov said Fazer developed the bread last summer and waited for legislation to be passed in Finland for the launch.

Heavy rain leads to 'unprecedented' flooding in Co Laois
Warnings have been issued to road users about surface water in many areas following heavy overnight rain. Thirty soldiers have been dispatched as part of the clean-up and rescue efforts.

Prince Harry and Meghan Markle expected to announce their engagement imminently
Ever since their first official public outing at the Invictus games, punters have been betting when Harry will pop the question. The couple have been dating since a year ago when they met through mutual friends.

Federal judge blocks new Texas abortion ban
Among the plaintiffs is Whole Woman's Health , the abortion provider that became synonymous with the landmark U.S. Hellerstedt , in which the court struck down the anti-choice omnibus law known as HB 2 .

Bulger killer Jon Venables back in jail over child abuse images
The police found the sickening images in the now-35-year-old killer's computer during a routine visit last week. Mrs Fergus also lashed out at the probation service who she accused of trying to cover up Venables' arrest.

S&P 500 Materials Sector SPDR (XLB): Following the Numbers
The Average Directional Index or ADX is technical analysis indicator used to discern if a market is trending or not trending. On the other side, a stock may be considered to be in a downtrend if trading below the moving average and sloping downward.

© 2015 ExpressNewsline. All Rights reserved.