Update: Microsoft originally stated that it released the build 16299.20 today, but it was apparently a typo.
The cumulative update was released for Windows 10 version 1703 (KB4041676), Windows 10 version 1607 (KB4041691), and Windows Server 2016 (KB4041691) for WSUS/SCCM managed devices.
Nystrom recommended administrators whose machines are afflicted with the bad updates, released on Tuesday, remove them using either PowerShell or the DISM app. Microsoft is pushing out fresh updates to correct the boot failures: sysadmins should clear the cache on WSUS servers to ensure the latest packages are fetched and deployed.
It's great to see that Microsoft is issuing a quality update and still working to ideal the Windows 10 Fall Creators Update just before it launches next week. Only English error strings are reported. As always, let us know in the comments if you encounter any issues after installing this new build.