The prizes are named after Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite, and have been awarded since 1901 for achievements in science, literature and peace, in accordance with his will.
Chemistry is the third of this year's Nobel prizes after the winners of the medicine and physics prizes were announced earlier this week.
Dubochet, affiliated with the University of Lausanne in Switzerland, Frank with Columbia University in NY and Henderson with MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Britain, have made ground-breaking discoveries that have enabled the development of cryo-electron microscopy.
Over a few months, 3D images of the virus at atomic resolution were generated and researchers could start searching for potential targets for pharmaceuticals. It is decisive for the basic understanding of life's chemistry and drug development, the Nobel academy said.
The application of cryo-electron microscopy is now widespread. In the early 1980s, he succeeded in vitrifying water - he cooled water so rapidly that it solidified in its liquid form around a biological sample, allowing the biomolecules to retain their natural shape even in a vacuum. This year's chemistry prize goes to a team of researchers from Switzerland, the USA, and the United Kingdom, for their breakthrough approach in studying biological molecules at an atomic level. "I was pretty overwhelmed.it's wonderful news". Other than the prestiege, the scientists also take home the prize money of roughly one.one million US dollars.