As a result, almost every carbon atom in the plastic was incorporated into diamond structures just a few nanometers wide, though on Neptune and Uranus the scientists say the diamonds could go up to perhaps millions of carats in weight. As per research, the diamonds form on the two planets, which are rich in hydrocarbons. When pressure is increased further, hydrogen and carbon break out leaving pure carbon to sink to the depths of Uranus and Neptune. Now, the researchers have told the world that there are abundant solid diamond rains on Uranus and Neptune.
Dominic Karus, a scientist from Helmholtz Zentrum Dresen Rossendorf and also the author of Gizmodo, said that, "This condition will generate diamonds precipitation inside the celestial bodies".
It is not as if any scientist had never tried it before but just none of them was able to match the pressure levels that are present in the core of Neptune and Uranus: A pressure that is more than 15 times the mass of Earth.
The planets in our Solar System are the core studies topics for researchers. Researchers also think it's possible that over thousands of years, the diamonds slowly sink through the planets' ice layers and assemble into a thick layer around the core. This Methane consists of four hydrogen atoms and one carbon atom. Only then the researchers were able to achieve the desired results. "When I saw the results of this latest experiment, it was one of the best moments of my scientific career". This chemical reaction can last only for a fraction of a second.
The temperature used for these chemical reactions was 8500 degree Fahrenheit.
"The first smaller, slower wave is overtaken by another stronger second wave", Kraus explained in a news release. Since, the materials was heated off almost 6000 Kelvin, which does not let the diamonds to melt but it breaks them into small parts called "Nano diamonds".
The LCLS provided the two intense shock waves needed to allow the polystyrene to change its structure. A recent study has confirmed the fact that it rains diamonds of Uranus.
"We can't go inside the planets and look at them, so these laboratory experiments complement satellite and telescope observations", says Kraus. Most lab-grown stones are produced via a blasting process, but Kraus and Gericke suggest that using lasers may make production cleaner and easier to control. SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, originally named Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, is a United States Department of Energy National Laboratory operated by Stanford University.