However, according to a new study, artificial sweeteners found in diet soda and other products may be associated with long-term weight gain and an increased risk of obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease. The term "diet" is often linked to weight loss in people's minds and is one of the reasons they choose to drink diet soda.
METHODS We searched MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane Library (inception to January 2016) for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that evaluated interventions for nonnutritive sweeteners and prospective cohort studies that reported on consumption of non-nutritive sweeteners among adults and adolescents.
The research team conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of 37 studies involving more than 400,000 participants.
"We found that data from clinical trials do not clearly support the intended benefits of artificial sweeteners for weight management", Zarychanski added.
The studies was done on 30 people and they reviewed people in groups using artificial sweeteners and the researchers found the people using these artificial sweeteners routinely acquire weight and also had higher risks of high blood pressure, obesity and stroke.
The global increase in sweetener use has been largely due to research into the harmful effects of excess sugar - which has been proven.
"These claims, from the University of Monitoba, run contrary to the substantial body of scientific research which shows how low-calorie sweeteners can help people to reduce their calorie intake and manage their weight". Azad says that research has yet to prove a solid cause and effect look into the differences between sweeteners and provide a concrete explanation for why these sweeteners can have negative effects on health.
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