"The HPV vaccine has dramatically reduced human papillomavirus in vaccinated Australians, protecting our next generation from cervical cancer".
According to Fred Wyand, spokesman for the American Sexual Health Association, "These data are a further confirmation that HPV deserves its moniker as the "common cold" of sexually transmitted infections". Most of these go away on their own, typically without even causing symptoms, but some HPV strains can lead to genital warts and cancer.
According to a new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, nearly half of American adults have human papillomavirus (HPV)-the virus known to cause genital warts, cervical cancer, and-discovered only in recent years-throat cancer.
Overall, about 23 percent of the participants were infected with a high-risk strain of genital HPV, the report found.
'We tend to overlook the fact that 20 percent of us are carrying the virus that can cause cancer, ' lead author Geraldine McQuillan, a senior infectious disease epidemiologist at the CDC, told The Washington Post. "People really need to realize that this is a serious concern".
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"The next step is to increase awareness of the high prevalence of high-risk genital and oral HPV in our general U.S. population so individuals will realize that this is a serious problem and they will get their children vaccinated in early adolescence before they become sexually active", McQuillan said.
That percentage jumped to more than 42 percent during the two-year period if any type of genital HPV - the most common form of the virus - was included, the CDC found.
Two genotypes of the virus, 16 and 18, are responsible for around 80% of cervical cancers in Scotland alone.
The prevalence of cancer-causing HPV among men 18 to 59 years old was 25.1%, higher than the 20.4% among women from 2013 to 2014. (L) gives an HPV vaccination to a 13-year-old girl in her office at the Miller School of Medicine on September 21, 2011 in Miami, Florida.
Neck and head cancer are some of the implications of HPV, and some experts say that 70 percent of all head and neck cancers are caused by HPV, most likely spread through oral sex. However, the survey conducted in Scottland demonstrated that the vaccine is effective at attacking several strains of the virus, reducing the risk of developing cancer considerably.
According to Dr Electra Paskett, a cancer control researcher at The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, some think vaccination encourages youth to become promiscuous. This is problematic, Paskett said. The report specifically looked at adults who didn't receive recommendations to get the HPV vaccine.