Turnout was 81 percent, higher than the 74.6 percent at the last parliamentary election five years ago.
Already numerous political party leaders have cast their votes across the Netherlands in thee parliamentary election.
The VVD leads the latest Peilingwijzer poll of polls by Leiden University, on 17% - which could equate to about 24-28 seats - while Wilders' party is close behind on 14%, about 12-23.
Mr Wilders has pledged to take the Netherlands out of the European Union, close all mosques and ban the Koran.
The row with Turkey followed Mr Rutte's decision to ban two Turkish ministers from addressing rallies in the country. As Dutch newspaper Volkskrant put it: "The prime minister is now expecting a defeat which can be celebrated as a victory".
Many voters in the Netherlands have been anxious about these Association Agreements, but so far the Dutch government of Mr Rutte has gone along with them at EU level, so they do apply to whole EU Schengen area including the Netherlands.
Up to 13 million Dutch people took to the polls today to have their say in the momentous Dutch election 2017.
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But Shakespeare, who began a second spell at the King Power Stadium in 2011, appears to have the full backing of his dressing room.
Current Prime Minister Mark Rutte's center-right People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) has a healthy lead with 31 seats, although he will lose about 10, so he probably shouldn't feel too proud of this.
He previously said that the "patriotic revolution" would continue to take place, and "the genie will not go back into the bottle".
Although Mr Wilders' PVV has lost support in the final few weeks of campaigning, the party is still forecast to win 20 seats out of 150, according to a final poll by Ipsos. The Dutch are ruled by coalition and it is highly unlikely that the Freedom party could form a government even if they were the largest party since other political groupings have ruled out joining them in government. Early signs are suggesting that the turnout this Wednesday could dwarf that election.
Elsewhere, Jesse Klaver - leader of the insurgent GreenLeft party, which is set for its best ever performance - attacked Mr Rutte's handling of the refugee crisis. However, the rise of Geert Wilders' far-right Freedom Party also points to clear national identity concerns in the country, which are likely to play a significant role in the future government.
"I am hoping for a strong centre" coalition, said Alexander van der Hooft, one of the first voters on Wednesday. The party was consistently part of a ruling coalition since the mid-1970s, and tied with both the D66 and PVV to win a projected 19 seats.
Unlike most polls, the LISS panel also asks voters to give a percentage likelihood of their voting for a given party.